Ephraim feeds on wind
And pursues the east wind continually;
He abounds in falsehood and destruction.
Moreover, he cuts a covenant with Assyria,
And oil is carried to Egypt.
Yahweh’s Contention with Judah2
And Yahweh has a contention with Judah
And will punish Jacob according to his ways;
He will cause everything to return to him according to his deeds. 3
In the womb he took his brother by the heel,
And in his maturity he wrestled with God. 4
Indeed, he wrestled with the angel and prevailed;
He wept and sought His favor.
He found Him at Bethel,
And there He spoke with us, 5
Even Yahweh, the God of hosts,
Yahweh is His name of remembrance. 6
Therefore, return to your God,
Keep lovingkindness and justice,
And hope in your God continually. 7
A merchant, in whose hands are deceptive balances,
He loves to oppress. 8
And Ephraim said, “Surely I have become rich;
I have found wealth for myself;
In all my labors they will find in me
No iniquity, which would be sin.” 9
But I have been Yahweh your God since the land of Egypt;
I will make you settle in tents again,
As in the days of the appointed festival. 10
And I have spoken to the prophets,
And I made visions abound,
And by the hand of the prophets I gave parables. 11
Is there wickedness in Gilead?
Surely they are worthless.
In Gilgal they sacrifice bulls;
Yes, their altars are like the stone heaps
Beside the furrows of the field.
Now Jacob fled to the field of Aram,
And Israel worked for a wife,
And for a wife he kept sheep. 13
But by a prophet Yahweh brought Israel up from Egypt,
And by a prophet he was kept. 14
Ephraim has provoked to bitter anger;
So his Lord will leave his bloodguilt on him
And cause his reproach to return to him.